Selon Tite-Live, c'est une escarmouche provoquée par des Thraces au sujet d'un cheval échappé des lignes romaines vers le camp macédonien qui entraîna la bataille. Le terrain était favorable au déploiement de la phalange : « Le champ de bataille était une plaine, appropriée aux évolutions de la phalange, qui exigeaient un sol plat et uni, et adossée à des collines, qui, tenant l’une à l’autre, offraient aux soldats d’infanterie légère et aux archers des abris, avec le moyen d’envelopper l’ennemi. After this, Perseus moved his army northwards and took up a position near Katerini, a village south of Pydna. The battle is also considered to be a victory of the Roman legion's manipular system's flexibility over the Macedonian phalanx's rigidity. Lorsque les armées romaines arrivèrent de l'ouest, le 16 juin, elles trouvèrent l'armée macédonienne en ordre de bataille dans la plaine, mais tournée vers le sud. Whether this happened by choice or by chance, the Romans still embraced that status, or at least saw its maintenance as the only way of assuring their own survival. So true is the common saying that "war has many a groundless scare." In this instance, it was to no avail. Florence (¼ ILLRP). Paullus's son Scipio Aemilianus was thought to be lost for a while, but he and some friends had been pursuing the retreating Macedonians. La bataille de Cynoscéphales n'est pas une bataille à proprement parler, mais une escarmouche qui dégénère sans véritable plan élaboré par les généraux. Les deux armées sortirent alors de leur camp respectif, l'armée macédonienne étant la plus prompte à se déployer. Gaps developed in the phalanx when it moved onto uneven terrain, and the consul's initiative and response was immediate. Perseus was macedonian king, ruling in years 179-168 BCE, and son of Filip V from the Antygonid dynasty. Aussitôt en position, la phalange chargea les lignes romaines encore non formées : Paul-Émile devait garder le souvenir de la crainte qu'il ressentit à voir s'avancer ce mur apparemment impénétrable de piques[1]. Pour obliger Persée à abandonner ses positions, Paul-Émile détacha une partie de son armée (8 200 fantassins et 120 cavaliers) sous le commandement de Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica vers la côte pour faire croire à Persée que l'armée romaine tenterait une manœuvre de débordement. Les seules troupes grecques au service de Paul-Émile étaient les redoutables archers crétois. Les Péligniens accoururent donc à l’endroit où la leur était tombée ; et, quand ils furent aux prises avec l’ennemi, on fit et on souffrit de chaque côté des atrocités. 3. Join Sam Townsend as he takes on the Historical Battle of Pydna -- coming in a free update to ROME II soon. Les Romains comptaient au total environ 39 000 hommes, dont 26 000 légionnaires et fantassins lourds assimilés répartis en deux légions, 4 000 cavaliers (dont 1 200 Italiens), et 22 éléphants de guerre. This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 00:08. Oturum açın. The exact cause of the start of the battle differs; one story is that Paullus waited until late enough in the day for the sun not to be in the eyes of his troops, and then sent an unbridled horse forward to bring about alarm. Les Romains subirent une défaite cuisante à la bataille de Callinicos. Domination in Greece, achieved after victory of Cynoscephalae were strengthened. Comment ajouter mes sources ? La batalla de Ilipa - Duration: 3:41. Summary of the Battle of Cynoscephalae. Flank your line with Equites on one side and Triarii on the other. L'analyse de cet excursus montre des lacunes dans l'explication, dans les exemples et l'analyse de ceux-ci, telles qu'on ne peut, sur cet extrait tout du moins, juger Polybe comme impartial. The battle began somewhat unexpectedly. Fuller. The Romans allies tried to beat down the enemy pikes or hack off their points, but with little success. Meanwhile, Paullus is said to have understood that eclipses occurred at regular intervals but still believed it was necessary to perform sacrifices and wait for "favourable omens. The Battle of Pydna (168 BCE) was a clash between the Roman army under Emilius Paulus and the Macedonians. Pydna made Rome into a world power. The battle is also considered to be a victory of the Roman legion's manipular system's flexibility over the Macedonian phalanx's rigidity. L'infanterie macédonienne comprenait 3 000 peltastes, dont le rôle est semblable à celui des hypaspistes, regroupés en deux Gardes royales, et 21 000 phalangites, probablement répartis en 14 bataillons (ou taxeis). Paullus claimed later that the sight of the phalanx filled him with alarm and amazement. Les débuts de la guerre furent laborieux pour les Romains. J.-C. l'armée du roi de Macédoine Persée aux légions romaines commandées par Paul-Émile. J.-C.) : 3e Guerre macédonienne (171-168 av. The exact date of the battle has been determined by the lunar eclipse that occurred the day before the battle. J.-C.) : 4e Guerre macédonienne (149-146 av. Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; Open Multilingual Wordnet . The engagements on the river bed which were initiated by Aemilius to divert the prying eyes of Perseus away from a turning movement. 8: 290–323. 1. . The result of the battle played an important role in deciding the outcome of the Fourth Macedonian War. There were several heroes among the Romans. An eclipse of the moon occurring, the report went abroad, and was believed by many, that it signified an eclipse of the king. [video=youtube_share;l3Ol_sBqGR8] [/video] The Battle of Pydna will be available for all Total War: ROME II owners in an update soon. Although the Romans were organized in squares as the Greeks were, the maniple was a more versatile formation on the battlefield. Kitaplık. Unable to get under the thick bristle of pikes, the Romans used a planned retreat over the rough ground. S. Reinach, « La frise du monument de Paul-Émile à Delphes ». The Roman force was led by Quintus Caecilius Metellus, and was victorious. The Battle of Pydna took place in 168 BC between Rome and Macedon during the Third Macedonian War. I'm new here, so hello! Paullus then had Scipio rejoin the main force, while Perseus deployed his forces for what appeared to be an attack from the south by Scipio. 26:49. J.-C. l'armée du roi de Macédoine Persée aux légions romaines commandées par Paul-Émile. The battle saw the further ascendancy of Rome in the Hellenistic world and the end of the Antigonid line of kings, whose power traced back to Alexander the Great. Prelude. L'armée macédonienne quant à elle atteignait un total légèrement supérieur, de 44 000 soldats environ. By the end of the year, the tide changed dramatically and Perseus had regained most of his losses, including the important religious city of Dion. Paullus received orders to attack the Macedonians, Polybe a dû créer l'explication de la Grèce et des royaumes.... Fut bientôt complet, tandis que Persée parvenait à s'enfuir avec presque la... Disposait également d'une flotte menaçant la côte voisine et pouvant au besoin débarquer une infanterie de marine les! Had placed the two centers engaged at about 3pm, with the elite 3,000-strong Guard formed the! 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